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Работа с текстом "Planet of English" Unit 18

Работа с текстом "Planet of English" Unit 18 - Wonders of Past (текст + упражнения к тексту part 1, part 2)
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WONDERS OF THE WORLD PART 1

THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS AT EPHESUS

Is it simply a temple? How could it take its place among other unique structures such as Great Pyramid, the Hanging Gardens and the Colossus of Rhodes? For the people who actually visited it the answer was simple. It was not just a temple. It was the most beautiful structure on earth. It was built in honour of the Greek goddess of hunting, wild nature and fertility. That was the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.

It was situated in the ancient city of Ephesus (about 50 km south of Izmir in Turkey). Although the foundation of the temple dates back to the 7th century BC, the structure was built around 550 BC. The great marble temple was decorated with bronze statues of Amazons sculpted by the most skilled artists of their time.

The temple served as both a marketplace and a religious institution. Recent archeological excavations revealed gifts from pilgrims including statuettes of Artemis made of gold and ivory, earrings, bracelets and necklaces.

In 356 BC a man named Herostratus burned the temple to ground. Over the next two decades the temple was restored. It was again destroyed by the Goths in 262 AD and then rebuilt. By the 4th century AD most Ephesians had converted to Christianity and the temple lost its religious glamour. In 401 AD the Temple of Artemis was torn down by St John Chrysostom. Ephesus was later deserted, and only in the late 19th century the site has been excavated. Attempts were recently made to rebuild the temple, but only a few columns have been re-erected.

№1 Are these statements true or false? Correct the false ones.

  1. In 401 AD the Temple of Artemis was torn down by St John Chrysostom and then rebuilt.
  2. It is situated in Greece.
  3. It is the most beautiful museum in the world.
  4. It was built in honour of a Greek queen.
  5. Its columns are made of bronze.
  6. The people could sell and buy earrings, bracelets and necklaces there.
  7. The Temple of Artemis is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  8. The temple was founded in 550 BC.
  9. The temple was used as a marketplace.
  10. Today it is a museum which houses many works of art, including four ancient bronze statues of Amazons.

№2 Translate the words (find them in the text)

  1. Возводить
  2. Датироваться
  3. Десятилетие
  4. Место
  5. Мрамор
  6. Обнаруживать
  7. Обращаттся
  8. Ожерелье

 

  1. Опустеть
  2. Охота
  3. Пилигрим
  4. Плодородие
  5. Попытка
  6. Привлекательность
  7. Раскопки
  8. Серьга

 

  1. Сжигать дотла
  2. Слоновая кость
  3. Сносить
  4. Способный, талантливый
  5. Уникальный
  6. Храм

 

 

№3 Match the words to make names of the Wonders of the World

  1. Burj
  2. Christ
  3. Easter
  4. Lake
  5. Mount
  6. the Colossus
  7. the Dead
  8. the Forbidden
  9. the Great
  10. the Mausoleum
  1. City
  2. the Redeemer
  3. Island
  4. of Rhodes
  5. Sea
  6. Everest
  7. Baikal
  8. at Halicarnassus
  9. Al Arab
  10. Pyramid of Giza

№4 Fill in the gaps with the words and word combinations from the box.

Peterhof Palace, Mamayev Kurgan, Golden mountains, Baikal, Trans-Siberian Railway, Seven Wonders of the World, St Basil’s Cathedral, Valley of the Geysers, Golden Ring, Mount Elbrus

  1. ...... is a complex of palaces and gardens often called the Russian Versailles.
  2. A legend says the architect was blinded after finishing his creation ".... . ." so that he couldn’t build anything as beautiful again.
  3. A most amazing attraction is the ...... in Kamchatka.
  4. Alternative ...... could be easily found on Russian territory if only tourists were willing to dig them out.
  5. Europe’s highest peak is the 5,642 metre ...... .
  6. Lake ...... is one of the genuine Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
  7. The ...... is a group of towns and cities in Russia.
  8. The ...... is now the longest continuous rail line on earth.
  9. The huge memorial statue of the Motherland, known as "The Motherland Calls!" was the largest free-standing sculpture in the world when it was built on top of ...... in 1967.
  10. The so-called ...... of the Altai Republic are noted for being among the most beautiful parts of Siberia.

WONDERS OF THE WORLD PART 2

№1 Guess what Wonders of the World are described. Choose one of the paragraphs and translate it.

  1. This is the only wonder of the ancient world that is still standing, and it is great in every aspect. Built over 20 years, it held the record for the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
  2. Consisting of large stones in a standing position and forming a circle, it is believed to have been built around 2500 BC. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Recent studies have led archaeologists to believe that it was used as a burial site in its time.
  3. The literal translation of its name is "Old Mountain". It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. It is believed to be an Inca site.
  4. Though not man-made, its amazing peak certainly deserves a place in the top 10 wonders of the world as a natural wonder. Standing at 8,848 m tall, it is the highest peak in the world above sea level, and was first conquered by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.
  5. Certainly one of the most known structures in the world, it is indeed a leaning structure, standing at 55.86 m tall. It used to lean by 5.5 degrees, but restoration work carried out between 1991 and 2000 has reduced that angle to 3.99 degrees.
  6. It is a massive structure, which is actually an amphitheatre, and is the largest ever built in Italian history. It is elliptical in shape and is capable of seating 50,000 people. Though damaged partially by massive earthquakes and stone robbers, this marvellous feat of Roman engineering has survived all the tough times.
  7. It is a breath-taking structure made of marble, and is located in India. Built over 30 years, it comprises of a dome mausoleum, and also has the shrines of its creator, the emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Begum, in whose memory the structure was actually built. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is a symbol of iconic beauty and love.
  8. This structure is also one of the most famous ones in the world. It is actually a collection of walls built across centuries by many dynasties. The whole series of walls spans 8,851.8 km and is a fascinating wonder.

№2 Read the text and guess what the wonder of the past is that.  Complete the text with its name.

The ___________ stone circles are in England. People transported the first stones to this place about 5,000 years ago. We don't know a lot about ___________. Who built it? How did they build it? Why did they build it? It's a mystery.

People built ___________ with bluestones and sarsen stones. There were about 80 bluestones. They came from mountains 250 kilometers away. They are very heavy - some weigh about 4 metric tons.

The biggest sarsen stone weighs about 45 metric tons. That's like ten elephants.

The sarsen stones are even bigger and heavier. About 4,000 years 4go, people transported them from 30 kilometers away.

How did people use ___________? Maybe they used it as a cemetery or a place for studying the sun and the stars. Maybe it was also a temple. It's still a special place for some people today. Every year, on June 21st, lots of people go to ___________ to celebrate the longest day of the year.

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Анна Александровна Самуйленко
Английский язык, СУЗ, Разное

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