THE RUSSIAN ART HERITAGE
Art reflects feelings and emotions, brings delight and admiration. When speaking about the arts, we connect with culture. Russia is a country that can boast of its artistic and cultural traditions. Its museums attract tourists from all over the world.
The Hermitage is famous all over the world for its valuable rare collections of canvases and other art objects. It comprises masterpieces by Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Raphael, Rembrandt, Rubens and others. People come to admire the collections of sculpture, tapestry, textiles, weapons, ivory, pottery.
We must also mention the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. A Russian merchant and a connoisseur of art, Pavel Tretyakov founded this picture gallery in the 19th century. He was especially fond of the works of the Peredvizhniki — the artists who belonged to the Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions such as Kramskoy, Perov, Ghe and other great Russian painters. The Tretyakov Gallery reflects the whole history of Russian art. It has a rich collection of early Russian paintings and icons, including the world-famous "The Trinity" by Andrey Rublev.
Speaking about arts, we should not forget about music, especially classical music. Outstanding Russian composers have made the whole world admire their music. Everybody knows Tchaikovsky, Glinka and Rimsky-Korsakov.
Russia is world-famous for its literature. The "golden age" of Russian literature began in the 19th century when such outstanding masters of letters as Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev and Dostoyevsky created their immortal masterpieces. Alexander Pushkin was the author of more than 700 lyrical poems. He wrote volumes of dramatic works, short stories and adaptations of Russian fairytales.
Russia is famous for its architecture. The real jewel of architecture is the Moscow Kremlin with its cathedrals, towers and red-brick walls. St Basil’s Cathedral is one of the world’s most astonishing buildings with eight domes of different designs and colours.
Russia is also rich in young talent. We can hear new voices in music and poetry, see new canvases by modern artists, works of great actors and film directors. All of them will make their contribution into Russian culture and art.
№1 Are these statements true or false? Correct the false ones.
№2 Complete the sentences
№3 Translate one of the colored extracts (green, yellow, blue).