Рабочий лист для учащегося "How does human being distinguish living things?"

Рабочий лист для учащихся, обучающихся биологии на английском языке. Используется на факультативном курсе биологии.
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imageTopic 1: How does human being distinguish living things?    

Онлайн-версия - https://www.liveworksheets.com/hv1148216fo

 

By the end of the lesson, you will:

      Know the characteristics of the 5 kingdoms of living things.

      Be able to use characteristics and nomenclature to classify living things.

Task 1. 

Read the text.

Scientists use criteria for classification to organize living things into groups. Classification enables them to compare different living things. Scientist classify all living things into five kingdoms by three main criteria: type of cells, how the cells are grouped, and nutrition. 

All living organisms are composed of organic substances: proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Living things whose cells do not have a nucleus are called prokaryotes. Organisms whose cells have a nucleus are called eukaryotes.

imageAll living organisms feed. Food serves as a source of necessary substances and energy. Plants feed on photosynthesis. They are autotrophic.  Animals and fungi absorb organic substances of other organisms, from which their substances are synthesized. Such organisms are called heterotrophs.  Bacteria and protozoa can be both autotrophs and heterotrophs.

Bacteria, protozoa and fungi have no tissues. The body of plants and animals consists of tissues.

 

Complete the sentences:

 

Heterotrophs feed on________________________

Autotrophs obtain energy_____________________

Prokaryotes have____________________ in the cell.

Eukaryotes have____________________ in the cell.

_____________________________ have no tissues.

The body of plants and animals consists _________.

 

 

 

What are the five kingdoms?

Monera kingdom 

Protoctist Kingdom 

Fungi Kingdom 

image

                   image

Contains unicellular, prokaryotic organisms. They may be autotrophic or heterotrophic.  Bacteria and cyanobacteria

 

image

Contains unicellular and multicellular living things.

They are all eukaryotes. They have no tissues. They may be autotrophic or heterotrophic. Protozoa, algae.

 

image

Contains unicellular and multicellular living things. They are eukaryotes. They have no tissues. They are heterotrophic. 

Yeasts, moulds, mushrooms

Plant Kingdom

 

Animal Kingdom

image 

Contains multicellular eukaryotes. They have tissues. They are autotrophic. 

Mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants.

image

Contains multicellular eukaryotes. They have tissues. They are heterotrophic.  Animals: may be invertebrate or vertebrate.

Task 2.  

Complete the table to describe the five kingdoms:

Kingdom 

Type of cells 

Tissues 

Autotrophic / Heterotrophic

Moneran 

 

 

 

 Protoctist 

 

 

 

Fungi 

 

 

 

Plant 

 

 

 

Animal

 

 

 

             

 

 

 

 

glossary: unicellular, multicellular, have tissues, have no tissues, autotrophic, heterotrophic

What should you know?  

image Living things can be differentiated   by the way they feed, reproduce, interact with their environment,   etc. They are classified into different groups.   The main group is the   kingdom. Each  kingdom is then divided into subgroups

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Саакян Елена Алексеевна
Биология, 8 класс, Уроки