In the 15th century Kaluga became part of the principality of Moscow. In 1607, Kaluga was the center of a peasant uprising led by I. I. Bolotnikov. Kaluga became a part of Moscow Province in 1708; in 1777 it was made the center of the Kaluga namestnichestvo; and in 1796 it became the capital of Kaluga Province. From the 17th through the 19th century it played an important role as a trade center. History of Kaluga
Kaluga took part in all the most important events of history of Russia. In1606-1607 Kaluga was а center of peasant’s war under Ivan Bolotnikov’s leadership. During the Patriotic War of 1812 Kaluga played an important role. It was the main supply base of the Russian army. Kalugians did actively fought at the fronts of the Civil War.
Victory Square is a symbolic place for Kaluga’s citizens and indispensable point of all excursions. Today there is a memorial complex, built as a tribute to the fallen in the battles for Kaluga in the Great Patriotic War. 30 meter-high obelisk topped by 8 meter-high statue of Motherland.
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