Презентация "Повторение времен группы Simple"

Теория и практические упражнения для отработки грамматического времени
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Повторение грамматических времен Повторение времен группы Simple (Indefinite) Повторение времен группы (Continuous) Progressive Повторение времен группы perfect

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Повторение времен группы Simple (Indefinite)

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Повторение времен группы Simple (Indefinite) {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Past Future Используется для обозначения регулярных действий (повторяющихся в определенном интервале, по расписанию). Строится: I, you, we, they + walk (вспомогательный глагол DO)He, she, it + walks (вспомогательный глагол DOES)Используется для обозначения законченных действий в прошлом. Строится: watched (правильный глагол) took (неправильный глагол)(вспомогательный глагол DID)Используется для обозначения простых действий в будущем. Строится: will read 

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Слова-маркеры{21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Слова-маркеры – союз, наречия и выражения, помогающие определить в каком времени происходило то или иное действие. Present simple Past Simple Future Simple usually (обычно);regularly (регулярно);often (часто);as a rule (как правило);seldom (редко);rarely (очень редко);always (всегда);sometimes (иногда);from time to time (время от времени);every day/week/month (каждый день, каждую неделю, каждый месяц).ago (давно, лет назад);in those times (в те времена);that day (в тот день);the other day (на днях);yesterday( вчера);the day before yesterday (позавчера);last Friday/week/month (в прошлую пятницу, на прошлой неделе, в прошлом месяце).tomorrow (завтра);the day after tomorrow (послезавтра);soon (скоро);one of these days (на днях);in a week/month (через неделю, через месяц); next week/year/ (на следующей неделе, в следующем месяце);in the near future (в ближайшем будущем).

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Define the tense. This coat belongs to Kim. I drive to St. Petersburg once a month. Your boss is very kind. The car will be fixed next week. The pasta was delicious. The play will start at 7 p.m. Her jacket is dirty. I bought the curtains for kids-room. I am a biathlon fan. My wedding will be in spring.

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Make a sentence negative. You swim very well. Terry tries to fix the TV. My parents got married in Madrid. My groupmates hate PE. His brother will be a great football player.

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Ask general questions {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Past Future He gets up at 7 a.m. every day. Melany thinks that it will work. Nancy doesn’t visit us very often. My teacher called my parents yesterday. Mum cooked a delicious dinner last night. Robert didn’t know about Kate’s birthday. He will arrive next Saturday. Peter won’t be at the party next week. Anna will buy a new dress tomorrow.

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Choose the right variant 1. I usually…my granny on Saturday.a) visits; b) visited; c) visit; d) will visit2. There… 30 pupils in our class last year.a) were; b) was; c) are; d) is3. I can …English very well.a) spoke; b) speaks; c) speak; d) will speak4. … they go to the Zoo with us next week?a) shall; b) will; c) do; d) did5 I…to my friend’s place yesterday.a) goed; b) went; c) goes; d) will go

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Open the brackets using the verb in present, past or future simple. We … (go) to the cinema last Saturday. Our granny … (bake) meat-pies every weekend. We … (write) test tomorrow. I really … (enjoy) the concert last Friday. Where your husband … (work) five years ago?British people … (prefer) tea to coffee. Tom, you … (meet) me at the railway station next Sunday?Where … she usually … (celebrate) her birthdays?… you (have) a big family?Newton … (invent) the telescope in 1668.

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*Remind*Специальный вопрос - это вопрос, который задается к определенному члену предложения. Строится с помощью вопросительного слова и вспомогательного глагола, т.е. вопросительное слово + вспомогательный глагол + подлежащее + смысловой глагол. Поскольку этот вопрос задается к определенному слову, то данный член предложения будет отсутствовать в предложении. Например, если мы задаем вопрос к предложению: They read three books yesterday. – Did they read three book yesterday? - это общий вопрос. Однако если мы хотим спросить сколько книжек они прочитали то мы спросим: How many books did they read yesterday? - !Обратите внимание, что в вопросе нет количества книг!

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Ask the following questions1. There are twenty children in our class. (How many children?)2. She will start her homework tomorrow. (When?)3. I am a pupil of the fifth form. (What form?)4. They opened the window two hours ago. (What?)5. My friends are from Great Britain. ( Where?)

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Open the brackets1. Last week I ( to visit) my grandparents.2. We ( not to be) at school yesterday.3. My sister often ( to read) books in the evening.4. They ( not to do) exercises every morning.5. Helen (to play) chess with her brother tomorrow.

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Put the verb in the correct form The USA (to be)___________one of the largest countries in the world. The Statue of Liberty (to be)___________one of the interesting monuments in New York. The Statue of Liberty (to stand) ___________ in New York Harbour. Liberty (to mean) ________freedom. The Statue of Liberty (to be) ________as tall as a skyscraper. Maslenitsa (to be) ________a very popular holiday in our country. It (to last)__________for a week. Russian people (to celebrate)______________it at the end of February or at the beginning of March. During Maslenitsa week we always (to cook)__________pancakes. I (to like)___________this old Russian tradition. The Central Stadium in Luzhniki________(to be) one of the most important sports complexes of Moscow. It_________(to include) the Large sports arena with a seating capacity of 10000, the Small sports arena, a swimming pool, the Palace of sports, tennis courts and football fields. The Luzhniki arena_______ to be) one of the most picturesque places in Moscow.

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Повторение времен группы Progressive Part 1 Part 2

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Progressive (Continuous) Tenses {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Continuous Past Continuous. Future Continuous. В случае настоящего продолженного времени, мы говорим о незаконченном действии, которое длится прямо сейчас, в настоящий момент, в момент речи: I am reading a book. —  Я читаю книгу. В случае прошедшего продолженного времени, мы говорим о незаконченном действии, которое происходило в определенный момент в прошлом: I was reading a book yesterday at 9 p.m.- Я читал книгу вчера в 9 вечера. В случае будущего продолженного времени, мы говорим о действии, которое будет происходить в определенный момент в будущем. I will be reading a book tomorrow at 9 p.m.- Я буду читать книгу завтра в 9 вечера.

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Строение времен группы Progressive{21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Continuous Past Continuous. Future Continuous. Строение am/is/are + глагол-ingwas/were + глагол-ingwill be + глагол-ing. Вспомогательный глагол am/is/arewas/werewill be. Слова-маркеры now, right now,  at the moment, at present yesterday at 8 a.m., the whole day, from 5 to 6, while, when he came и т.д.tomorrow at 2 o’clock, this time tomorrow, while, when he come

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ГЛАГОЛЫ, КОТОРЫЕ ОБЫЧНОНЕ УПОТРЕБЛЯЮТСЯ во временах группы Progressive to knowto mindto understandto believeto forgetto rememberto meanto doubtto recognizeto liketo disliketo preferto wantto careto hateto loveto needto appreciateto seemto seeto tasteto hearto belongto cost

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Put the verbs in the Continuous tenses {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}To shine To write To sit The sun … yesterday morning. The sun … brightly now. Tomorrow the sun … all day long. I … a postcard at the moment. I … a postcard when you phoned. I … a lot of Christmas cards tomorrow evening. We … in the garden at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon. This time tomorrow we … in the garden. We … in the garden now.

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Make the sentence negative. We are enjoying the party. He’ll be playing chess in an hour. They were planting flowers in the garden last May. I am looking for a job. The phone was working yesterday. He is cooking an omelet for dinner. They are listening to music. My girl isn’t coming with me to the disco. I’m buying a pair of shoes. Our grandparents are taking us to their hometown in June. Make a question. Make the sentence

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Make a question. He is cooking an omelet for dinner. They are listening to music. My girl isn’t coming with me to the disco. I’m buying a pair of shoes. Our grandparents are taking us to their hometown in June.

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Put the verbs in the Continuous tenses where possible. He (to have) breakfast now. Liza (to write) an email to her pen friend when her mother came. The teachers (to speak) to their parents tomorrow at 3 o’clock. Natasha (to play) the piano and her friends (to listen) to her. Look! It (not to rain) anymore. The weather is fine. Where was Sergey? ...... he (to wash) the dishes in the kitchen?The doctor will be busy, he (to examine) the patient. The baby (not to cry), she (to sleep). That week I (to study) hard for my exams. I (to want) to leave now.

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Open the bracket using the verbs in Present, Past or Future Progressive I (to write) an English exercise now. I (to write) an English exercise at this time yesterday. My little sister (to sleep) now. My little sister (to sleep) at this time yesterday. My friends (not to do) their homework now. They (to play) volleyball. My friends (not to do) their homework at seven o’clock yesterday. They (to play) volleyball. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday. She (not to read) now. Now she (to go) to school. What you (to do) now? – I (to drink) tea.

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Повторение времен группы perfect Времена, относящиеся к группе Perfect, используются для обозначения действий, которые уже завершились к какому-то периоду времени.

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Повторение времен группы perfect {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Perfect Past Perfect Future perfectописывает действия, которые уже совершились, но имеют связь с настоящим, либо ожидаются или продолжаются в настоящем: I have just finished my work, so I can go with you. – Я только что закончил работу, так что я могу пойти с тобой.описывают действия, которые совершились до определенного времени или до другого действия в прошлом: I had finished my work yesterday by 5 o’clock. – Я закончил работу вчера в 5 часов.описывают действия, которые совершатся (будут закончены) к определенному моменту или другому действию в будущем: I will have finished my work tomorrow by 5 o’clock. – Я закончу работу завтра к 5 часам.

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Строение совершенных времен {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Perfect Past Perfect Future perfect. Строениеhave/has + глагол в 3 форме (или +-ed)had + глагол в 3 форме (или +-ed)will have + глагол в 3 форме (или +-ed)Слова-маркерыalready, yet, just, still, ever , never, lately, recently, since, many years, many times, until nowby, before, after, when, by the time, yet, already, first, earlierby, by that time, by then, before, after, when

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Случаи (примеры) употребления {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Present Perfect Past Perfect Future perfect. Действие, которое завершилось/ завершится до определенного момента времени. I had finished my work yesterday by 5 o’clock. – Я закончил работу вчера в 5 часов. I will have finished my work tomorrow by 5 o’clock. – Я закончу работу завтра к 5 часам. Действие, которое завершилось/завершится до другого действия или события. I had finished my work when he came. — Я уже закончил работу когда он пришел. I will have finished my work when he come. — Я уже закончу работу когда он придет. Действие произошло недавно. I have just finished my work. – Я только что закончил работу. Нам важен результат, опыт, перемены. I have never been to Japan. — Я никогда не был в Японии. Предположение о том, что уже произошло. I thought you had called Tom. — Я думал, что ты позвонила Тому.

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Put the verbs in the Perfect tenses {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}To arrive. To be To paint Our taxi … by 9 o’clock yesterday morning. Let’s go. The guests already … . They … by the time the meeting starts. I am tired of waiting. Where you … ?By the time I’m 30 I … a famous scientist. He didn’t remember where he … before the accident. We … the house by next Tuesday. She … more than 10 pictures already. I wondered if they … the room.

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Negative form This week I have called her twice. They will have finished the plans by then. The students had finished writing the test when the class was over. I have visited him today. The programmer had done the work by five o’clock yesterday. I will have cooked dinner by then. Question (interrogative form) Make a sentence in

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Use the verbs in brackets in Perfect tenses Sam … (lose) his keys. So he can’t open the door. When I woke up in the morning, the rain already … (stop). I hope I … (finish) my test by midnight. The film turned out to be much longer than we … (expect). My sister just … (leave) for the bank.

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Use the verbs in brackets in Perfect tenses By the time you recieve this letter I (finish) my final exams. He (write) 3 reports on an accident when his mother called. I don’t think I (do) these exercises by 3 o’clock. He was looking forward to a good meal at home, but Jill (go) out. Your house looks nice. You (paint) it?After we (discuss) all details on the phone I wrote a letter about it. Before my 18th birthday I (not/be) out of England. It is the easiest job I (ever/have). I fell better after I (take) the medicine. I (not/be) there for ages.

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Разница между Present Perfect и past simple {21 E4 AEA4-8 DFA-4 A89-87 EB-49 C32662 AFE0}Past Simple Present Perfect Действие не относится к настоящему моменту. Действие (а точнее, его результат) относится к настоящему(указатели just, already, yet, recently, lately)Нам известно время, когда произошло действие. Оно либо указывается говорящим, либо понятно из контекста. Время, когда произошло действие, неизвестно и неважно. Говорящему важен результат, который имеет определенное значение в настоящем.(Указатели just, already, yet, recently, lately)

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Put the verbs into present perfect or Past simple I (know) _______ her for six years. I (know) _______ him when I was at school. He (live) _______ in Paris from 1997 to 2000. He (live) _______ in New York since 2001. Where's Pete? I (not see) _______ him for ages. I (not see) _______ Pete last night. We (be) _______ at primary school from 1993 to 1998. We (be) _______ in this class since September. I (not watch) _______ this video yet. I (not watch) _______ a video at the weekend.

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Put the verbs into present perfect or Past sinple I … (see) Tom last night. – Oh, really. I … (not meet) him for ages. We … (never hear) this song before. Is it famous in your country? - Yes, it is. It … (be) quite popular here for many years. What … (do) last Sunday? – I … (spend) it at home. – Oh, that’s great! I … (not spend) my weekends at home since last year.

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Анна Александровна Самуйленко
Английский язык, СУЗ, Презентации