Nobel Prizes Every year, six Nobel prizes are awarded for outstanding work in science, literature, economics and the promotion of peace. This international prize was founded by the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel, who invented dynamite and built up companies and laboratories in the countries all over the world. .
The First Russian Nobel Laureate In 1904 Ivan Pavlov was awarded the Nobel laureate "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged". He was the first person to obtain the Nobel Prize in Physiology and as a result, he was truly respected by the scientific community for his efforts.
Russian Laureates for Physics Pavel Cherenkov was a Soviet physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 1958 with Ilya Frank and Igor Tamm for the discovery of Cherenkov radiation, made in 1934. Lev Landau received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II.
Russian Laureate for Economics Leonid Kantorovich was a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He was the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975 and the only winner of this prize from the USSR.
The Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to individuals and organizations that work actively for peace and greater understanding. It has been awarded to the Russian physicist and civil rights campaigner Andrey Sakharov (1975) and to the Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev (1990).
Russian Nobel Prize Winners The following laureates are ones who were citizens of Russia/Soviet Union at the time of receiving the award. Year Winner Field Notes Country 1904 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Medicine First Russian nobel laureate 1908 Elie Metchnikoff Medicine 1933 Ivan Bunin Literature First Russian nobel laureate in literature 1956 Nikolay Semyonov Chemistry First Russian nobel laureate in Chemistry 1952 Selman Waksman Medicine 1958 Boris Pasternak Literature 1958 Igor Tamm Physics Ilya Frank Pavel Cherenkov Physics 1962 Lev Landau Physics 1964 Ni kolay Basov Alexander Prokhorov Physics
Russian Nobel Prize Winners Year Winner Field Notes Country 1965 Mikhail Sholokhov Literature 1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Literature 1973 Wassily Leontief Economics First Russian nobel laureate in Economics 1975 Andrei Sakharov Peace First Russian nobel laureate in Peace 1975 Leonid Kantorovich Economics 1977 Ilya Prigogine Chemistry 1978 Pyotr Kapitsa Physics 1987 Joseph Brodsky Literature 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev Peace 2000 Zhores Alferov Physics 2003 Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov Physics Vitaly Ginzburg 2010 Andre Geim Physics Konstantin Novoselov