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"Хэллоуин". Дополнительный материал на уроках английского языка.

"Хэллоуин". Дополнительный материал на уроках английского языка.
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Halloween is a festival celebrated on October 31st.  The word halloween actually means hallowed or holy evening.

 

People have been celebrating holidays and festivals at the end of October for thousands of years.  The Celts called their celebration Samhain /.  Samhain, All Hallowtide or the Feast of All Souls, was the feast of the dead in Pagan and Christian times.  It was also a harvest festival.  Faeries were imagined as particularly active at this season.

 

The Celts believed that every year on the last day of October the souls of the dead visited the earth.  On October 31, the Celts wore scary costumes because they believed that evil spirits wouldn't recognize them as humans.  This is probably where the tradition of dressing up in costumes on Halloween came from.

 

When the Romans conquered the Celts in the first century A.D., they added parts of their festivals, Feralia and Pomona to the tradition.  Feralia was a festival to honor the dead and Pomona was a harvest festival named after the goddess of fruit (apples) and trees.  This is where apples (as in bobbing for apples) came into the celebration.

 

In the eighth century, the Christian church made November 1st All Saints' Day to honor all of the saints that didn't have a special day of their own.  As Christianity spread, the church combined the non-Christian celebration with their own celebration of All Saints' Day.  The mass held on All Saints' Day was called Allhallowmas (the mass of all Hallows—saintly people).  The night before was known as All Hallows Eve.  Eventually this name became Halloween.  To celebrate All Saints' Day, young men went door-to-door asking for food for the poor.  This is one of the origins of ‘Trick-or-Treating.’

 

In the 1800s, as people emigrated to the U.S., the holidays and traditions of different cultures merged.  The custom of carving jack-o’-lanterns came to America with the Irish.  Well, before there were flashlights, Irish people used to carve out turnips and put a candle in them for a lantern.  When they came to America, there weren't many turnips, so they used pumpkins instead.

 

Halloween was not always a happy time.  October 31, or the night before took on other names.  Some called it Devil's or Hell night, to others it was mischief night.  In Vermont, it’s called cabbage night.  For some people, this became a time to play tricks on others.  Some of these tricks were not fun at all.  Community groups and individuals took action and started to change Halloween into a family event.  Dressing up in costumes and going "trick or treating," costume parades, community parties, and fall festivals are some of the ways that Halloween is celebrated today.

 

Other countries have different fall festivals to honor the dead.  In Mexico, they celebrate El Dia de los Muertos or the Day of the Dead.  Although celebrated in all Catholic countries as All Saints' and All Souls' Days, surely no other peoples have embraced the festival of The Day of the Dead to the extent that the Mexicans have.  The celebration begins on the evening of October 31, so the name Los Dias de los Muertos is also often used.  This festival is considered by many to be the most important holiday of the year in Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halloween Monsters

and Symbols

(Halloween is on October 31st.)

 

a ghost: Ghosts live in haunted houses and say “Boo!”

 

Cartoon Dracula

Dracula:

Dracula is a vampire. He has fangs, and drinks blood.

 

a coffin:  Dead people are buried in coffins.  Dracula sleeps in a coffin.

 

bat

a bat:  Dracula can change into a bat and fly away when he wants to.

 

frank

Dr. Frankenstein’s Monster:

Dr. Frankenstein made him from pieces of dead bodies.

 

werewolf

a werewolf:  A werewolf is a wolfman.  If a wolf bites you, you’ll turn into a werewolf when there is a full moon.

skeleton

a skeleton:  Skeletons are a bit scary.

 

mummy

a mummy:  Mummies are very scary.

 

black widow spider    

a spider & a spider web:  Spiders are creepy. Spiders make webs to catch insects.

 

skull

a skull and crossbones:

This is a pirate flag and a warning for poisons.

 

SuHi Red Devil

the Devil:  He’s also called Satan.


kpumpkin7kpumpkin3

jack-o’-lanterns:  People carve scary faces on pumkins and put candles inside at Halloween.

 

k-witch1

a witch:  Witches make magic potions in cauldrons, and fly around on brooms.

 

cat3b-cat1

black cats: 

They’re unlucky.  Witches like black cats.

 

t-tombstone1

tombstones:  Tombstones are found in cemeteries.  They’re grave markers.  RIP means ‘Rest in Peace.’

 

housetricktreat

Trick or treat!:  At Halloween, children dress in costumes, knock on people’s doors and say “Trick or treat!”  It means give us some candy or we’ll play a trick on you.

 

owl4

an owl:  Owls make scary noises at night.


 

Halloween

 

N R E T N A L O K C A J S N D Y  BAT

T I W E R E W O L F H S E B R L  COFFIN

S R E T S O H G O C L E N A A I  DEVIL

Q K E T F R O L T L W Y O T C V  DRACULA

C X E A S Y Y I H O R K T B U E  FRANKENSTEIN

H B Q L T N W M L S C Q S F L D  GHOST

Q L K L E P E L M O P Z B V A O  HALLOWEEN

T R I C K T A K F U Y R M R L J  JACK-O’-LANTERN

K O N Y Q H O F N N M X O B N I  MUMMY

L D M B R H I N T A G G T I N T  SKELETON

O Z Y J K N Q S H G R T T B J F  TOMBSTONES

E V P J I M B R P Q H F J R E N  TRICK

N X P H K E J F U P Q F X C V S  TREAT

J J G D M D A Y R M A R L U S C  WEREWOLF

C L E X H C K G X N H V Q D J F  WITCH

C Q W H Q T F D O Y B N S P B A  

 

 

Halloween

 

N R E T N A L O K C A J S N D Y  BAT

T I W E R E W O L F H S E B R L  COFFIN

S R E T S O H G O C L E N A A I  DEVIL

Q K E T F R O L T L W Y O T C V  DRACULA

C X E A S Y Y I H O R K T B U E  FRANKENSTEIN

H B Q L T N W M L S C Q S F L D  GHOST

Q L K L E P E L M O P Z B V A O  HALLOWEEN

T R I C K T A K F U Y R M R L J  JACK-O’-LANTERN

K O N Y Q H O F N N M X O B N I  MUMMY

L D M B R H I N T A G G T I N T  SKELETON

O Z Y J K N Q S H G R T T B J F  TOMBSTONES

E V P J I M B R P Q H F J R E N  TRICK

N X P H K E J F U P Q F X C V S  TREAT

J J G D M D A Y R M A R L U S C  WEREWOLF

C L E X H C K G X N H V Q D J F  WITCH

C Q W H Q T F D O Y B N S P B A  

 

 

 

Halloween

 

N R E T N A L O K C A J S N D Y  BAT

T I W E R E W O L F H S E B R L  COFFIN

S R E T S O H G O C L E N A A I  DEVIL

Q K E T F R O L T L W Y O T C V  DRACULA

C X E A S Y Y I H O R K T B U E  FRANKENSTEIN

H B Q L T N W M L S C Q S F L D  GHOST

Q L K L E P E L M O P Z B V A O  HALLOWEEN

T R I C K T A K F U Y R M R L J  JACK-O’-LANTERN

K O N Y Q H O F N N M X O B N I  MUMMY

L D M B R H I N T A G G T I N T  SKELETON

O Z Y J K N Q S H G R T T B J F  TOMBSTONES

E V P J I M B R P Q H F J R E N  TRICK

N X P H K E J F U P Q F X C V S  TREAT

J J G D M D A Y R M A R L U S C  WEREWOLF

C L E X H C K G X N H V Q D J F  WITCH

C Q W H Q T F D O Y B N S P B A  

 

 

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Селенкова Татьяна Ивановна
Английский язык, 8 класс, Уроки
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