текст выступления к презентации <Антигитлеровская коалиция>
Hello everyone, today I would like to tell You about the anti-Hitler coalition. This is part of our history and we must remember it. So, today I will tell you about the main components of the coalition and its history. In particular, we will look at such topics as: which countries were part of the anti-Hitler coalition, the history of all major agreements and its success
(what is the anti-Hitler coalition?)
Anti-Hitler coalition-the military alliance of the USSR, USA, Great Britain and other states, directed against the <axis> countries(Germany, Italy, Japan) and their satellites
The attack of Nazi Germany on the USSR on June 22, 1941 entailed serious changes in the international situation. On the evening of the same day, British Prime Minister W. Churchill said that despite his rejection of communist ideas, Britain was ready to support the USSR in its fight against German aggression.
In the same year, after a visit by the Soviet military delegation to Great Britain and the United States, Washington was convinced of the determination of the USSR to wage war to a victorious end. Between Moscow, London and Washington, an agreement was reached on holding a meeting on the issue of military supplies.
In total in 1941-1945. The USSR received from the Western Allies 18 million tons of cargo for various purposes, including over 4.5 million tons of food
On January 1, 1942, in Washington, diplomats from 26 countries signed the United Nations Declaration, which developed the provisions of the Atlantic Charter. In May 1942, the Soviet-English Union Treaty was signed, and in June in Washington, the Soviet-American agreement was signed. The USA and Great Britain made a public promise to open a second front in Europe as soon as possible. But in 1942 the second front was not open.
A radical turning point on the Eastern Front, the victory of the Soviet troops at Stalingrad and the Kursk Bulge, the capitulation of fascist Italy in the summer of 1943 made the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition think about the need to discuss the post-war reconstruction of the world. On October 19-30, 1943, the Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers of the USSR, USA and Great Britain was held. It, in particular, discussed the issue of post-war reorganization of Germany.
The Moscow conference served as the basis for a meeting of leaders of the three Allied Powers in Tehran November 28 - December 1, 1943. The question of opening a second front became the main one at the Tehran Conference. As a result, the decision to open a second front in Northern France in 1944 was finally made.
At a meeting of I. Stalin, F. Roosevelt, and W. Churchill on February 4–11, 1945, in Yalta, questions were discussed not so much about military interaction as about the further reconstruction of Europe. At the Yalta Conference, it was decided to establish the United Nations and hold its constituent conference in April in San Francisco.
Decided on the post-war occupation of Germany, USSR entered to the war with militaristic Japan.
By decision of the Potsdam Conference, part of Germany was given to Poland, and the other to the USSR
Military operations resulted in the liberation of southern Sakhalin, the territories of the Kuril Islands and Manchuria were occupied
At the same time, the United States carried out the first atomic bombing in history, destroying the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945. On September 2, 1945, Japan surrendered. The Second World War ended.
Finally all the perpetrators were punished